While faucets usually have a handle that you turn to control water flow, their inner workings vary significantly, which in turn affects their efficiency. Faucet valves function differently to deliver water at a particular temperature and rate. Let’s take a closer look at the different faucet types and how their valves affect your plumbing efficiency.

Compression Faucets

These faucets have a compression valve consisting of a screw stem that raises or lowers to lift out or press a rubber compression washer into a concave water inlet. The rubber washer can crack, break, or become deformed, causing leaks. Compression valves are the most prone to leaking.

Ball Faucets

Ball faucets comprise a steel ball containing a network of holes and grooves. The faucet handle adjusts the ball, which controls the water flow rate and temperature. Ball valves have many small parts that wear out, eventually causing leaks. Mineral deposits and other tiny debris in your water can affect these components. You may have to clean or replace the components.

Cartridge Faucets

These faucets have a small brass or plastic cylinder sealed with an O-ring to prevent leakage from the edges. A cartridge valve has few parts, making it easy to replace when leaks develop.

Ceramic Disc Valve Faucets

The valve design of these faucets features two rotating ceramic discs. The valves are sturdy and rarely require repairs. They’re virtually leakproof, and they have a long life span.

Besides valves, there are other features that affect the efficiency of faucets. Some features that boost the water efficiency of faucets include:

  • A flow rate of 1.5 gallons per minute or less
  • A spray feature to help lower wastage of water
  • Adjustable temperature and pressure settings

Some top brands of faucet type known to make water-efficient faucet models include Kohler, Delta, Moen, and Pfister.

A professional plumber can examine your house and help you find the faucet types that will offer your home the most water efficiency. For more information on faucet types and features, contact Mowery Heating, Cooling and Plumbing. We’ve served the plumbing needs of satisfied clients in the Indianapolis area for more than 50 years.